Belgian Malinois, Breed, Price, Compatibility with Family (Oct 2023)

Belgian Malinois are intelligent, high-energy dogs with a strong work ethic. They are often used in law enforcement, military, and search and rescue work.

They also make excellent companions for active families. Here are Belgian Malinois, Breed, Price, Compatibility with Family in detailed:

Belgian Malinois Breed Characteristic –

The Belgian Malinois is a medium-sized working dog breed from Belgium, known for their intelligence, athleticism, and strong work ethic. They were originally bred as herding dogs, but are now used in a variety of working roles.

Belgian Malinois Breed Price Compatibility with Family
Belgian Malinois, Breed, Price, Compatibility with Family
COAT GROOMING FREQUENCY1 to 2 times in a week

They are a relatively new breed, having been developed in the late 1800s. They are one of four varieties of Belgian Shepherd, the others being the Tervuren, Laekenois, and Groenendael.

The Malinois is named after the city of Mechelen (Malines) in Belgium, where they were first bred.

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Physical Appearance:

The Belgian Malinois is a breed of dog known for its distinct physical appearance. Here are some detailed Physical Appearance of the Belgian Shepherd:

Belgian Malinois, Breed, Price, Compatibility with Family
Photo Credit: Reddit


They are a medium-sized breed. They typically stand about 22 to 26 inches (56 to 66 cm) tall at the shoulder.


They have a well-proportioned and athletic build. They are sturdy and strong, without appearing bulky.


The Malinois has a short, straight, and dense coat. The coat is one of their distinctive features and is often referred to as a “Malinois coat.”

It is typically fawn to mahogany in color with a black mask on the face. White markings on the chest, toes, and the tip of the tail are also possible but not too common.

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Their ears are upright and quite large. They are one of the key features that distinguish them from German Shepherds, which have more folded ears.


Belgian Malinois have dark brown, almond-shaped eyes that express alertness and intelligence.


They have a bushy, tapering tail that is usually carried down when at rest and raised when they are alert or excited.

Muscular Body:

Their body is well-muscled and athletic. They are built for endurance and agility, which makes them excellent working dogs.

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The Malinois has a bright and alert expression that reflects their intelligence and active nature.


Belgian Malinois, Breed, Price, Compatibility with Family
Photo Credit: Reddit

They have a smooth and flowing gait, which allows them to move gracefully and with agility.

Overall Appearance:

They has an overall appearance of a strong and elegant working dog. Their physical characteristics are designed to help them excel in various tasks, from herding to police work, search and rescue, and more.

Temperament and Personality:

The Belgian Malinois is not only known for its distinctive physical appearance but also for its temperament and personality. Here are some key traits and characteristics of their temperament:

Belgian Laekenois dog
Photo Credit: Reddit


Belgian Malinois are highly intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and are often used in various working roles that require problem-solving and decision-making.

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These dogs are extremely alert and have a strong sense of situational awareness. They make excellent watchdogs and can be very protective of their owners and territory.


Malinois are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners. They form strong bonds with their families and are protective of them.


This breed is highly energetic and requires regular exercise and mental stimulation. They thrive on activities like agility training, obedience training, and outdoor adventures. Without enough physical and mental activity, they can become restless or even develop behavioral issues.

Work Ethic:

Belgian Malinois
Photo Credit: Reddit

Malinois have a strong work ethic. They excel in various working roles, including police work, search and rescue, herding, and more. They are often described as “workaholics.”


Malinois are known for their courage and fearlessness. They are not easily intimidated and are willing to face challenges head-on.

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Their intelligence and willingness to please make them highly trainable. They can master complex commands and tasks with the right training and positive reinforcement.


Early socialization is essential for Malinois to ensure they are well-adjusted and comfortable around other dogs and people. They can be reserved around strangers, so socialization helps them develop good behavior in various situations.


Belgian Malinois 1
Photo Credit: Reddit

While they are loyal and devoted, they also have a degree of independence. This means they can think for themselves, which is crucial in working roles.

Family Dog:

Belgian Malinois can make excellent family dogs, but they require active families who can provide them with the physical and mental stimulation they need. They are good with children but should be supervised due to their energy and exuberance.

Belgian Malinois Puppy Training and Care

Here are information on Belgian Malinois puppy training and care. Belgian are energetic and intelligent dogs that require specific care and training to thrive. Here are some essential tips:

Belgian Malinois Puppy Training and Care
Photo Credit: Reddit


Start socializing your Belgian Malinois puppy early. Expose them to various people, pets, and environments to ensure they grow up to be well-adjusted dogs.

Obedience Training:

Belgian Malinois are highly trainable, but they can also be strong-willed. Consistent, positive reinforcement training is key. Basic commands like sit, stay, and come should be taught from a young age.


These dogs are incredibly active and need plenty of exercise. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are essential to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Crate Training:

Belgian Malinois Puppy Training and Care 1
Photo Credit: Reddit

Crate training can help with housetraining and provides a safe space for your puppy. Make sure the crate is a positive, comfortable place for them.


Be patient when housetraining your Malinois puppy. Take them outside frequently, especially after eating or drinking. Reward them for doing their business outdoors.

Belgian Malinois grooming

Belgian Malinois have a short, double coat that is easy to care for. However, they do shed twice a year, so regular brushing is important to remove loose hair and keep the coat healthy.

Belgian Malinois grooming
Belgian Malinois grooming

Brushing : Brush your Malinois once a week with a medium-bristle brush, a rubber grooming mitt, or a hound glove. This will help to remove dead hair and distribute natural oils throughout the coat. During shedding season, you may need to brush your Malinois daily.

Bathing : Bathe your Malinois every 4-6 weeks with a mild dog shampoo. Avoid bathing your Malinois too often, as this can dry out their skin and coat.

Nail trimming : Trim your Malinois’s nails every 2-3 weeks. You can use a nail grinder or clippers. Be careful not to cut the quick, which is the pink part of the nail.

Ear cleaning : Check your Malinois’s ears for dirt and debris every week. If you see any, clean them with a cotton ball dipped in a gentle ear cleaner.

Teeth brushing : Brush your Malinois’s teeth every day to prevent plaque buildup and tooth decay. You can use a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste.

Special tips

  • Start grooming your Malinois when they are a puppy so they get used to the process.
  • Make grooming a positive experience by giving your Malinois treats and praise.
  • If your Malinois is not used to being groomed, start slowly and gradually increase the amount of time you spend grooming them.
  • If you are not comfortable grooming your Malinois yourself, take them to a professional groomer.

Health Care:

Ensure your puppy receives regular vet check-ups and vaccinations. Discuss a proper diet and parasite prevention with your veterinarian.

Mental Stimulation:

Belgian Malinois 2
Photo Credit: Reddit

Provide puzzle toys and engage in activities that challenge their intelligence. These dogs thrive on mental stimulation.

Social Interaction:

Belgian Malinois are very loyal and love being with their family. They can suffer from separation anxiety, so try not to leave them alone for long periods.

Watch for Signs of Overexertion:

Be careful not to overexert your puppy, as they can be prone to joint issues. Avoid strenuous exercise until they are fully grown.

Belgian Malinois as police dogs

Belgian Malinois are a popular choice for police dogs due to their intelligence, athleticism, and courage. They are highly trainable and can be taught to perform a variety of tasks, including:

Belgian Malinois as police dogs
Photo Credit: Reddit
  • Drug detection
  • Bomb detection
  • Tracking
  • Apprehension
  • Search and rescue

Here are some examples of how Belgian Malinois police dogs are used:

  • Drug detection: Belgian Malinois police dogs are often used to detect drugs in airports, schools, and other public places. They have a very keen sense of smell and can detect even small amounts of drugs.
  • Bomb detection: Belgian police dogs are also used to detect bombs and other explosives. They are trained to identify the scent of explosives and alert their handlers to their presence.
  • Tracking: They are police dogs can be used to track suspects or missing persons. They have a very good sense of smell and can follow tracks even over long distances.
  • Apprehension: Malinois police dogs can be used to apprehend suspects. They are trained to take down suspects without harming them.
  • Search and rescue: Belgian police dogs can be used to search for missing persons or victims of natural disasters. They are trained to find people in difficult-to-reach places and to alert their handlers to their presence.

Belgian Malinois police dogs are a valuable asset to law enforcement. They help to keep police officers safe and protect the public from criminals and other threats.

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