Pug Dog Buyer’s Guide (Nov 2023)

The Pug is a charming small breed known for its wrinkled face, expressive eyes, and compact body. Pugs are friendly, affectionate, and have a playful nature.

They make great companions and are popular for their love of human company. Their distinctive appearance and delightful personality have earned them a special place in the hearts of many dog lovers. Here are Pug Dog Buyer’s Guide –

Pug Dog Breed info –

The Pug is an ancient breed with roots in China, dating back over 2,000 years. Originally bred for companionship and prized by Chinese emperors, they are recognizable by their wrinkled faces and curled tails.

Pug Dog Buyer’s Guide
SHEDDING LEVELModerate to High
COAT GROOMING FREQUENCY2 to 3 times in a week

They made their way to Europe in the 16th century and became favorites of European nobility. Today, they’re beloved worldwide for their charming, playful, and affectionate nature, making them popular pets and companions.

Physical appearance:

Pug dogs are characterized by their small size, wrinkled faces, expressive eyes, short coats, curled tails, and charming overall appearance, making them a popular and beloved breed. They have the following physical characteristics:

Pug Dog
Photo Credit: Reddit


They are small dogs with a sturdy build. They typically weigh between 14 to 18 pounds (6.4 to 8.2 kilograms) and stand about 10 to 13 inches (25 to 33 centimeters) in height at the shoulder.

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These dogs are easily recognizable by their wrinkled faces. They have short, flat muzzles and a wrinkled forehead, which gives them an expressive and charming look. The wrinkles should be kept clean to prevent skin issues.


They have large, round, and dark eyes that convey a sweet and loving expression. The eyes are prominent on their flat faces.


These canine’s ears are small, folded, and soft. They are often described as “rose ears” and are set high on the head.


These Puppies have a short, smooth, and glossy coat. Their coat colors can vary, but they are typically fawn (light brown) with a black mask on their face. However, black pugs have a uniform black coat.


They have a tightly curled tail that rests over their hip. The tail is a characteristic feature of the breed.


They have a compact and well-proportioned body with a slightly arched neck and a broad, deep chest.


Are pugs good with kids
Photo Credit: Reddit

These charming small breeds have straight and strong legs with well-defined muscles.

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Their gait is distinctive, often described as a “rolling” walk due to their compact build and unique physical structure.

Overall Expression:

These dogs are known for their expressive and charming appearance. Their face, with its wrinkles, and their dark, soulful eyes, give them a lovable and endearing look.

Temperament and personality:

Pug dogs have a distinct and endearing personality that often wins the hearts of their owners. Here are some key traits and characteristics of pug temperament and personality:

Retro Pug Dog
Photo Credit: Reddit


They are known for their loving and affectionate nature. They thrive on human companionship and enjoy being a part of their family. They are often referred to as “velcro dogs” because they love to be close to their owners.


These dogs have a playful and mischievous side. They enjoy interactive play and are often up for a game of fetch or simply goofing around with their favorite toys.


Pug dogs are generally very social dogs. They get along well with people of all ages, including children, and they usually enjoy the company of other dogs. Their friendly disposition makes them excellent family pets.


Pug Dog Special Features with FAQ
Photo Credit: Reddit

These Puppies have a sense of humor and are known for their playful antics. They can be quite entertaining and make their owners laugh with their quirky behavior.


Despite their playful nature, pugs are alert and make good watchdogs. They may not be intimidating in size, but they are quick to alert their owners to any potential intruders or unusual sounds.


They can be a bit stubborn when it comes to training. They have a strong-willed side and may require consistent, patient training to learn commands and behaviors.


These dogs are loyal and devoted to their families. They form strong bonds with their owners and can be quite protective of them.


Pug Dog Special Features with FAQ
Photo Credit: Reddit

They are generally easygoing and adaptable. They can thrive in various living situations, from apartments to larger homes, as long as they receive love and attention.

Low Energy Level:

While they do enjoy playtime, pugs are not overly energetic dogs. They are content with moderate exercise, making them suitable for people with a more relaxed lifestyle.


They are fond of snuggling and are often found cuddled up with their owners, enjoying the warmth and comfort of close contact.

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Prone to Separation Anxiety:

They can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. They thrive on human interaction, so it’s important to ensure they aren’t left alone for extended durations.

Training tips

Training a pug can be a rewarding experience, but it’s important to keep in mind their unique personality and characteristics. Here are some training tips specifically tailored to your furry friends:

Pug Price
Photo Credit: Reddit

Start Early:

Begin training your pug as early as possible. Puppies are more receptive to learning, and early training helps establish good habits.

Positive Reinforcement:

They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. Use treats, praise, and affection to reward good behavior. Be consistent and generous with your rewards.

Short Training Sessions:

They have a relatively short attention span. Keep training sessions brief, around 10-15 minutes, and repeat them throughout the day if needed.


Photo Credit: Reddit

These dogs can be a bit stubborn, so consistency is key. Use the same commands and hand signals consistently, and ensure that all family members follow the same training rules.

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Socialize your pug with other dogs and people from a young age. This helps them develop good social skills and become well-adjusted pets.

House Training:

Be patient when house training your furry friends. Crate training can be effective, as pugs are less likely to soil their living area. Take them outside frequently, especially after meals and playtime.

Obedience Training:

Teach basic obedience commands like “sit,” “stay,” “down,” and “come.” These commands are essential for safety and control.

Leash Training:

Pug 1
Photo Credit: Reddit

Your furry friends may have a tendency to pull on the leash. Use positive reinforcement and consistent training to teach them to walk on a loose leash.

Avoid Harsh Methods:

Your charming small breed of dogs are sensitive dogs, and harsh training methods can be counterproductive. Avoid punishment-based training techniques, as they may lead to fear or resistance.

Be Patient:

They can be slow learners at times, so patience is crucial. Don’t get frustrated, and always end training sessions on a positive note.

Mental Stimulation:

They are intelligent dogs and benefit from mental stimulation. Puzzle toys and interactive games can help keep their minds sharp and prevent boredom.

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Prevent Separation Anxiety:

Pug 2
Photo Credit: Reddit

They can develop separation anxiety. Gradually acclimate them to being alone and create a safe and comfortable space for them when you’re not around.


Regular exercise is essential for pugs, as it helps maintain their overall health and can improve behavior by reducing excess energy.

Health Considerations:

Be mindful of your pug’s health, as their flat faces can lead to respiratory issues. Avoid strenuous exercise in hot weather and use a harness instead of a collar to reduce strain on the neck.

Professional Training:

If you’re facing challenges in training your pug, consider seeking the help of a professional dog trainer who has experience working with brachycephalic breeds like pugs.

Grooming tips

Here are some pug dog grooming tips:

Photo Credit: Reddit


These have a double coat, which means they shed a lot. Brushing your pug regularly is the best way to reduce shedding and keep your coat healthy and shiny. Use a soft brush to brush your pug’s coat in the direction of hair growth. Be sure to brush their belly, tail, and legs as well.


They don’t need to be bathed very often, once every 3-4 weeks is usually enough. When you do bathe your pug, use a mild shampoo that is specifically designed for dogs. Be sure to rinse their coat thoroughly and dry them completely.

Cleaning the wrinkles

These dogs’ facial wrinkles can trap dirt and moisture, which can lead to skin infections. It’s important to clean your pug’s wrinkles daily with a damp cloth. You can also use a mild soap or wrinkle cleaner, but be sure to rinse thoroughly and dry the area completely.

Trimming the nails

Pug 2 1
Photo Credit: Reddit

Their nails grow quickly, so it’s important to trim them regularly. You can use a nail clipper or a Dremel tool to trim your pug’s nails. Be careful not to cut too short, as this can be painful for your dog.

Cleaning the ears

Their ears are prone to wax buildup and yeast infections. It’s important to clean your pug’s ears regularly with a mild ear cleaner. Be sure to dry their ears thoroughly after cleaning.

Health problems

Pugs are a popular breed of dog, but they are also prone to a number of health problems. Some of the most common pug health problems include:

Pug 4
Photo Credit: Reddit
  • Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS): BOAS is a respiratory condition caused by the short nose and narrow airways of brachycephalic breeds like pugs. Symptoms of BOAS include snoring, wheezing, difficulty breathing, and exercise intolerance. In severe cases, BOAS can lead to heart failure and death.
  • Eye problems: These pets are prone to a number of eye problems, including corneal ulcers, entropion (inward rolling of the eyelids), and dry eye. These problems can be caused by their protruding eyes and their tendency to get eye injuries.
  • Skin problems: They are also prone to skin problems, such as allergies, Demodex mange, and pyoderma (bacterial skin infections). These problems can be caused by their wrinkled skin, which can trap dirt and moisture.
  • Patellar luxation: Patellar luxation is a condition in which the kneecap (patella) dislocates from its normal position. This can cause pain and lameness.
  • Hip dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a condition in which the ball and socket joint of the hip do not develop properly. This can lead to pain, arthritis, and lameness.
  • Legg-Perthes disease: Legg-Perthes disease is a condition that affects the hip joint in young dogs. It can cause pain, lameness, and atrophy of the muscles around the hip joint.

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